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Cataracts Explained in San Antonio, TX

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What Are Cataracts?

Usually, cataracts are simply an unavoidable part of the aging process that begins to appear after 40 years of age when the proteins comprising the lens of the eye usually begin to degrade or clump together. The opacity caused by cataracts gradually gets worse and prevents light from hitting the retina the way it should. This opacity of the lens of the eye ultimately leads to reduced vision, and often, complete blindness if not found early and treated correctly.

Dr. Victoria Perez and her group of eye care professionals are equipped to detect and help you manage cataracts in the initial stages and successfully navigate any worsening symptoms. At Texas State Optical Bandera, we help people suffering from cataracts virtually every day. Developing cataracts is quite common, and cataract surgery is the most common surgery done in this country. Around two million people receive cataract surgery a year. Cataracts can develop very slowly so men and women with the primary stages commonly don't realize their condition. This condition is an important reason why undergoing in-depth eye exams no less than every other year is vital to your overall ocular health.

Reach out to our highly trained team and visit our San Antonio, TX practice soon to schedule a comprehensive exam, and find out how we can help you manage your symptoms.

What Symptoms Are Associated with Cataracts?

The primary symptom of a cataract is progressively blurred vision that isn’t helped by a patient’s current lens prescription. Most people begin to notice they have to use more light to read. Further symptoms might include decreased night vision, abnormal glare or halos, and seeing with an overall brownish tone. Cataracts don't hurt, and they are typically there for several years before they produce any vision problems. For most people, cataracts start to develop at some point between 40 – 50 years of age; however, a lot of people don’t get any symptoms before their 60s.

What Are the Risk Factors for Developing Cataracts?

Developing cataracts is influenced by several risk factors. Age is the primary factor, with most cataracts occurring in older adults. A family history of cataracts can also increase the likelihood of developing them. Certain medical conditions, such as diabetes, elevate the risk, as does prolonged exposure to UV rays from the sun. Lifestyle choices like smoking and excessive alcohol consumption significantly contribute to the risk. Previous eye injuries and the prolonged use of certain medications, like corticosteroids, can also lead to cataracts. Additionally, exposure to radiation, including radiation therapy for cancer, is a known risk factor. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle, including a balanced diet and good overall health, can play a role in mitigating these risks.

How We Diagnose Cataracts

Cataracts are diagnosed through a comprehensive eye exam by an eye care professional. During this appointment, Dr. Perez may perform the following:

  • A routine acuity test to determine how well you can see at various distances
  • A contrast sensitivity test to see how well you can distinguish objects against a background
  • A slit-lamp exam to examine the outermost structures of the eye
  • A retinal exam to check the health of the retina and optic nerve
  • A potential acuity (PAM) test to determine the potential improvement in vision after cataract surgery

In addition, Dr. Perez may also dilate your pupils and use special instruments to examine the lens of your eye for signs of cataracts. This thorough examination allows for early detection and proper management of cataracts.

How Are Cataracts Treated?

If Dr. Perez makes a diagnosis of a cataract, a member of our team can detail the various options for treatment. The treatments for cataracts are selected according to the progression of the condition. In the beginning stages, a lot of patients can manage quite well with new prescription glasses or contact lenses. Women and men with more advanced cataracts, however, may require a more intensive solution, such as a trabeculectomy (traditional cataract surgery) or laser surgery. Dr. Perez and her remarkable staff are committed to offering each of our patients the best possible care. Depending on the progression of cataracts, we might treat cataract patients in our San Antonio, TX office or recommend they see a specialist.

I had a wonderful experience for my annual vision exam. Doctor Perez explained in details the results of the scans and the health and condition of my eyes. It was my first time at this location but certainly will continue to come here for my future eye exams and prescription glasses. The entire team is excellent and the friendly reminders are helpful to ensure timely arrival and keep track of appt. I am very happy with the entire experience. Thank you!

A. Google

Everyone at TSO Bandera is very professional and friendly. All my concerns were answered. Highly recommend TSO Bandera.

S.S. Google

Many thanks to the Dr. Perez and her truly professional staff @ Texas State Optical. Their excellent expertise and overall quality coupled with a great “service with a smile” attitude have secured us as customers. Way to go!!!

R.T. Google

Always a great experience! Very professional and efficient. The entire staff is very friendly. Highly recommend.

M.B. Google

I really love this place. I have been going here since I first moved to San Antonio and the staff has always been very kind and welcoming. There is rarely any wait time and they explain everything to you and make sure that you fully understand what's going on with your eyes as well as what to look out for in the future and what to be aware of. It's honesty the best experience I've had for an eye doctor.

W.N. Google


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Clear Vision After Cataracts

Patients who have any of the above symptoms or who haven’t received a comprehensive eye exam for more than two years should plan a visit to Texas State Optical Bandera at their earliest convenience. If you are 40 years old or older, having comprehensive eye exams every other year is critical to catching and managing cataracts and multiple other eye conditions. With an accurate diagnosis, our team can recommend an individualized plan to manage your condition.

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Is there a way to treat cataracts other than surgery?

Unfortunately, cataract surgery is the only way to get rid of cataracts once they begin to form. Though some medication and eyewear might be able to slow their severity, they cannot cure the cataracts themselves.

What happens if I leave cataracts untreated?

While an untreated cataract will not affect your general health, it can threaten your vision and quality of life. This is because the cataracts will progress in severity until it is hard to do everyday activities like working, driving, or doing hobbies. In some cases, untreated cataracts can even lead to complete blindness.

Can I see a cataract in the mirror?

No. Cataracts will only be visible with special equipment, though you will notice their effects in your vision. If you think you might have cataracts, schedule a consultation with our staff today.

*Individual results are not guaranteed and may vary from person to person. Images may contain models.